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Terminologies Frequently Used in Real Estate

Presently, India's real estate market comprises residential, commercial, retail and hospitality sub categories.

What is Carpet Area?

As per Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016, “Carpet Area” means the net usable floor area of an apartment, excluding the area covered by the external walls, areas under service shafts, exclusive balcony or veranda area and exclusive open terrace area, but includes the area covered by the internal partition walls of the apartment.

What is RERA?

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 is an Act of the Parliament of India which seeks to protect home-buyers as well as help boost investments in the real estate industry. The Act came into force from 1 May 2016.
A few of the overarching themes in the Act are as follows –

What is CREDAI?

The Confederation of Real Estate Developers' Association of India (CREDAI) is an association formed by developers and builders in India for self-regulating the business of real estate development. CREDAI has more than 8500 member developers and builders through 112 member associations with representation in all the major cities and states of the country. CREDAI has its office at #703, Ansal Bhawan, Street 16, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110001.

What is a lease deed?

A sale deed, also known as the final deed or conveyance deed, is an instrument in writing which legally transfers the ownership rights of a property from one person to another in exchange of a price paid/consideration. It is made for the sale or purchase of land or any construction made on it. The person who is transferring the property is known as the transferor or seller while the person paying an amount to get the property is called the transferee or buyer.

What all Things are to be to kept in mind before executing a sale deed?

Before the execution of the sale deed, the buyer should ascertain that the title of the property is free of all encumbrances. Verification of the encumbrance status from the registrar's office is a must for the buyer purchasing the property. After ensuring that the property is free from encumbrances, the purchaser should also corroborate that all the statutory payments such as water/electricity bill, cess, property tax and maintenance charges have been cleared and no further dues or permission is to be taken for the transfer of property through a sale deed.
Buyers of a property must take note that the sale deed is one of the most important documents which establishes the proof of ownership post the purchase is made. Hence, one must make it a point to acquire this document.

What is mortgage?

Mortgage is a financing option in exchange of title for debtor's property, with the condition that if the person defaults on the loan then the mortgaged property will be taken over by foreclosure and upon payment of the debt, the conveyance of title becomes void.

What is the basic procedure of taking home loan & what are the eligibility criteria?

When you apply for a home loan, the lender considers – Your income and loan repaying capacity to determine loan eligibility. Other factors include your age, retirement age, financial position, credit history, credit score.
Enhance your borrowing ability by –

Are Home Loan are for all – Salaried and Self-employed people?

Whether you are salaried or self-employed, you can get a home loan. Terms for both kinds of applicants are the same. Only difference usually is in the set of documents to be submitted for home loan. Earnings and creditworthiness are the key factors to determine loan eligibility.

Who is an NRI?

A ‘Non-resident Indian’ (NRI) is a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India.

Who is a PIO?

A ‘Person of Indian Origin (PIO)’ is a person resident outside India who is a citizen of any country other than Bangladesh or Pakistan or such other country as may be specified by the Central Government, satisfying the following conditions: A PIO will include an ‘Overseas Citizen of India’ cardholder within the meaning of Section 7(A) of the Citizenship Act, 1955. Such an OCI Card holder should also be a person resident outside India.

Can an NRI/OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) purchase property in India?

NRIs and OCIs are allowed to acquire and own immovable property (other than agricultural land, plantation property or farm house) in India. However, if you are a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal or Bhutan (and such other countries as may be notified from time to time), you need prior permission from the Reserve Bank of India to acquire property in India. The basic conditions and restrictions on property ownership by NRIs / OCIs are laid down by the Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA).